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Ranskill Primary School

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Phonics

At Ranskill we teach our children to read by using a phonics first approach to reading and by providing a rich literary environment.  The children have a daily phonics lesson following the phases outlined in the Governments Letters and Sounds document supported by songs, rhymes and actions from Jolly Phonics.  

Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills. It starts in Nursery by building children's speaking and listening skills.  There are six overlapping phases taught throughout Nursery, Reception and into Key Stage One.

 

Phase

Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One (Nursery/Reception)

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two (Reception) up to 6 weeks

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeks

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.

Further support, advice and details of the phonics taught in each year group can be found here for Nursery, here for reception and here for Key Stage One.

 

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